CRJ 409 study guide for first exam


Key terms and ideas you will need to know.


1.       Ex-Parte Crouse

2.       Parens patriae

3.       Child saving movement

4.       House of Refuge

5.       Juvenile court jurisdiction

6.       Adolescence

7.       Uniform Crime Report – problems with

8.       Index Crimes and Part II offenses

9.       Self-report studies

10.     Child abuse and neglect

11.     Most common property crimes

12.     Types of vandalism

13.     Status offenses

14.     Recent trends in juvenile arrests

15.     Other assaults

16.     Property crimes

17.     Types of Runaways

18.     Use of guns

19.     Myths of juvenile crime

20.     Liberal and conservative views

21.     Libertarianism

22.     Due process v. crime control model

23.     Varieties of delinquency

24.     Gender differences

25.     Role of religion in early juvenile prisons    

30.     People v. Turner

31.     Joan Moore’s study of gang members
32.     Types of gangs and gang members
33.     Graffiti
34.     People and Folk


Sample Questions


1.       Which is not a myth about juveniles and crime in society today?

a.   Today’s youth are more criminal than ever

b.   As the number of teenagers rise so does the crime rate

c.   Youth of today are committing less violent crime than ever

d.   Teenagers are the biggest part of the drug problem

e.   Youths who commit murder and other serious crimes need to be treated as an adult


2.       The decision by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court in 1838, in the case of Ex-Parte Crouse basically said:


a.   The Bill of Rights did not apply to minors

b.   The State would be held responsible for children who commit crimes

c.   Parents who didn’t supervise their children’s parties would be responsible of damages

d.   Houses of Refuge MUST supply health care and educational opportunities to the children forced to reside there

e.   Quaker children CANNOT be forced to undergo Protestant religious training while under state control


3.       Which of the following is not a status offense?

a.   Vandalism

b.   Running away

c.   Truancy

d.   Incorrigible

e.   Curfew violations


4.       Under which category of “delinquents” would we categorize a juvenile that wears “outlandish” clothes, does something “wild” with their hair, or has rings all over their face and body?


a.     Mentally disturbed to well adjusted

b.    Striving for acceptance to “just business”

c.     Individual to highly organized behavior

d.    Restricted acts to generic deviation

e.     Prankish behavior to intended harm


5.       Numerous studies have confirmed that planning usually takes place before most delinquent acts are committed.